L’ AFRIQUE OU SONTE XACTEMENT DECRITES DUVAL 1684

TITLE L'Afrique ou sont exactement decrites toutes les costes de la mer: suivant les routiers et portolans de divers pilotes et le dedans du pais selon les relations les plus nouvelles

HEADLINE None; each panel has a secondary title

CARTOGRAPHER Pierre du Val (1619-1683)

PUBLICATION DATE 1684 [1678] – second state

PUBLICATIONS A Paris: chez l'auteur, 1684

DIMENSIONS 51cm x 50.1cm x 4 sheets (40cm x 41cm without text); 102cm x 82cm (10cm x 72cm)

TECHNOLOGY Copperplate; outline colour, as issued; the four sheets are not joined.

ENGRAVER R. Michault scripsit.

PRIME MERIDIAN Ferro

VERSO Blank

CONDITION Some stains outside margins, otherwise fine.  Strong imprint.

 

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Description

HISTORY & OTHER INFORMATION This scarce large 4-sheet wall map is one of a set of four continents by Pierre Duval, the prolific son-in-law of Nicolas Sanson.  The map is in the 2nd state that was published in three scarce editions of Cartes de gèographie.  The first state was published in 1678; a third state was published in 1688 by Duval’s daughter who inserted her name as author. This is an important transition map geographically; the first map on which the connection of the Nile River to the Ptolemaic lakes in central Africa purposefully has been removed.  The African on the right of the cartouche is holding a map that shows the correct source of the Blue Nile in Lake Tana.  Lac Zaire / Zambere is the source of the Congo River. The text on the outer side of each panel lists the parts of Africa known at that time and, at the bottom left, there is a brief description of Africa.  The map also shows French settlements along the north-west coast of the continent.  Duval uses the Dutch in naming Tafel Bay (Table Bay).

REFERENCES Betz #122; Tooley p.44; not in Norwich.

VALUE This is a very scarce wall map in fine condition by a famous French cartographer; the geography displays important transitional features, viz. the correct origin of the Blue Nile.  Only three examples of the map are reported in WorldCat; Betz refers to three other libraries in France with the map and describes two dealers’ examples in New York.  Only one sale in 33 years recorded on the AMPR (www.oldmaps.com).